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Posted on April 14 2023

How to migrate to Canada from USA in 2023?

By  Editor
Updated November 09 2023

Why migrate to Canada from USA in 2023?

  • Canada has more than 1 million jobs
  • Canada PR visa can be obtained easily
  • Family stream can be used to invite dependents
  • Average salary is CAD 41,933 per year
  • Unemployment rate in Canada is 5.2 percent

*Check your eligibility to migrate to Canada through the Y-Axis Canada Immigration Points Calculator.

Canada Immigration Plan

Canada has planned to invite millions of immigrants from 2023-2025. It has introduced a plan of invitations under different classes of visas: The 2023-2025 Canada Immigration Plan is given in the table below:

Immigration Class 2023 2024 2025
Economic 2,66,210 2,81,135 3,01,250
Family 1,06,500 114000 1,18,000
Refugee 76,305 76,115 72,750
Humanitarian 15,985 13,750 8000
Total 4,65,000 4,85,000 5,00,000


Also read…

Canada targets 1.5 million migrants by 2025

USA to Canada immigration in 2023

Canada is always ready to welcome immigrants from different countries like the USA. The main aim of immigration is contribution of the immigrants in the economic growth of the country. Immigrants can also migrate to Canada to start a business, work, study, or visit. The popular programs through which Canada invites immigrants are:

Express Entry

Candidates who want to migrate as a skilled worker need to apply through the Express Entry system. Candidates are invited through the Express Entry system on the basis of points. Applicants need to score a minimum of 67 points out of 100 to become eligible to apply for a Canada PR visa. There are many factors and points are allotted accordingly. The table below shows the details of factors and points:

Factor  Maximum Points Available
Language skills - in English & French 28
Education 25
Work experience 15
Age 12
Arranged employment (job offer in Canada) 10
Adaptability 10
Total points available 100


There are three programs under Express Entry through which candidates can submit applications. These programs are

Each Express Entry draw comes with a cut off score. Applicants need to have an equal or a higher score than the cut off score to apply through the Express Entry. Canada held 2 Express Entry draws in 2023 and invited 11,000 candidates. The details can be found in the table below:

Draw number Date Immigration program Invitations issued CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited
238 January 18, 2023 No Program Specified 5,500 490
237 January 11, 2023 No Program Specified 5,500 507


There is no need to have a job offer to apply through Express Entry. But if you have one, you can get points from 50 to 200. Express Entry system is also available in different provinces of Canada. If you apply through a Provincial Nominee Program, you will get 600 points automatically. For each Express Entry draw, CRS score is changed. Currently, it is below 500.

Eligibility criteria for Express Entry

  • Your age need to be below 45 years
  • You need to have at least a Bachelor’s degree.
  • Proof of language through IELTS, CELPIP, and PTE
  • You should not have any criminal history
  • You should clear your medical examinations

Steps to apply through the Express Entry

You have to go through many steps to apply through Express Entry. These steps are:

  • Create and complete your Express Entry profile
  • Go for an ECA certificate
  • Go for Language proficiency tests and get the results
  • CRS score has to be calculated
  • Wait for an Invitation to apply

Cost of Express Entry

You will have to pay the cost of applying through Express Entry which is CAD 2,300 for a single applicant. If couple has to migrate to Canada through Express Entry, the fee is CAD 4,500. Here is the breakdown of the cost:

  • Average cost for the language test is CAD 300
  • Educational Credential Assessment average cost is CAD 200
  • The cost of biometrics is $85 per applicant
  • Government fee for per adult is CAD 1,325 and for per chid CAD 225
  • Average fee for medical examination is CAD 450 per adult and CAD 250 per child
  • The average cost of police clearance certificate is CAD 100 per country

In order to submit an Express Entry profile, there is no need to pay the government fees. You have to make the payment when you are applying for the Canadian permanent residence. You also need to have proof of funds. The table below will reveal the requirements:

Number of Family Members Funds Required
1 $13,310
2 $16,570
3 $20,371
4 $24,733
5 $28,052
6 $31,638
7 $35,224
For each additional family member $3,586


Provincial Nominee Program

Each province of Canada holds Provincial Nominee Program draws to invite candidates. Their main aim to invite candidates is to meet the skills shortage in different sectors. Candidates have to meet the requirements to apply under the PNPs.

Every PNP is associated with the specific requirements of the Canada job market. You need to select the provincial stream that is suitable to your skills. The cost of applying for each PNP can be found in the table below:

Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP) 500
British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) 1,150
Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) 500
New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) 250
Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP) 250
Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) 0
Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) 1,500 or 2,000
Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEIPNP) 300
Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) 350


Startup Visa Program

Startup visa is given to those immigrants who have the capability to start a business in Canada. The visa is a pathway to the Canada PR visa. Another name of this scheme is Startup Class. Candidates need to get a work permit that has to be funded by a Canadian investor. After that, they can apply for a Canada PR visa. Candidates can also connect with the investors of the private sector for funds. Private investors are of three types:

  • Venture capital fund
  • Business incubator
  • Angel investor

The eligibility criteria for the Startup visa program are as follows:

  • Need to have a genuine business
  • Should have proof in the form of a Commitment Certificate
  • A Letter of Support is needed to prove that the business will be supported by a specified body
  • Need to have language skills in English or French
  • Need to have sufficient funds to migrate to Canada

Work Permit

Candidates can migrate from the US to Canada if they have a job offer from a Canadian employer. Employees can have an intra-company transfer work permit if they are being transferred to the branch of their company in Canada. Another pathway to migrate to Canada is the Global Talent stream. This stream allows the applicants to migrate to Canada within four weeks.

Family Sponsorship Program

Canadian citizens and permanent residents can become a sponsor to invite their close relatives to live and work in Canada. Relatives can be invited to apply for a Canada PR visa. The following relatives can be invited through this program:

  • Spouse
  • Conjugal partner
  • Common-law partner
  • Dependent or adopted children
  • Parents
  • Grandparents

A sponsorship agreement has to be signed between the sponsor and the sponsored relative.

How can Y-Axis assist you to migrate to Canada from the USA?

Y-Axis provides the services below to help a candidate to migrate to Canada from the USA:

Willing to migrate to Canada? Talk to Y-Axis, the world’s no. 1 overseas immigration consultant.

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