Canada PNP - Provincial Nominee Program | Y-Axis

Canada PNP

Canada is the most welcoming country for a migrant. A streamlined immigration process is one of the factors that make Canada immigration a viable option for an increasing number of individuals the world over.

Launched in 2015, the Express Entry System of Canada is today among the most sought-after immigration systems worldwide.

With a standard processing time of within 6 months for a majority of Canadian permanent residence applications submitted through the Express Entry, many have found their way into Canada via the Express Entry.

Today, India has the largest diaspora in the world. Many with their source country as India can be found distributed across various countries of destination.

As per the UN, Top 3 countries hosting the largest number of migrants from India are – the UAE [with 3.5 million], the US [with 2.7 million], and Saudi Arabia [with 2.5 million].

Canada comes close behind.

For a migrant, there are many immigration pathways available to choose from, all leading to Canada immigration, for the main applicant as well as their dependents.

While the Express Entry system of Canada might be better-known among the average migrant, there is another route to Canada PR via the provincial and territorial [PT] governments of Canada.

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program [PNP], or Canada PNP, offers almost 80 different immigration pathways or ‘streams’, each targeted at a specific class of immigrants.

Of the 10 provinces in Canada, 9 are a part of the PNP of Canada. Quebec, the only Canadian province not a part of provincial nominee program Canada, has its own immigration program for the induction of newcomers into the province.

Similarly, of the 3 Canadian territories, 2 – that is, Yukon and Northwest Territories – are a part of the PNP. Nunavut, the third territory in Canada, does not have any immigration program as such.

Canadian provinces/territories and their PNP programs
Province/Territory PNP program
Alberta Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program [AINP]
British Columbia BC Provincial Nominee Program [BC PNP]
Manitoba Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program [MPNP]
New Brunswick New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program [NB PNP]
Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program [NL PNP]
Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Nominee Program [NSNP]
Ontario Ontario Immigration Nominee Program [OINP]
Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program [PEI PNP]
Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program [SINP]
Northwest Territories Northwest Territories Nominee Program
Yukon Yukon Nominee Program

A Canadian permanent resident is an individual that had been given permanent resident status in Canada through their Canada immigration.

A Canada PR is a citizen of another country, and not to be confused with a Canadian citizen.

As a permanent resident of Canada, an individual can avail most of the social benefits – including healthcare coverage – that Canadian citizens receive.

Moreover, acquiring Canadian permanent residence allows an individual to live, work or study anywhere throughout Canada.

An individual can apply for the citizenship of Canada after having lived in Canada as a permanent resident for a minimum of 3 out of the previous 5 years [that is, 1,095 days altogether].

Now, while migrate overseas to Canada is a streamlined process with the major economic immigration programs managed through the federal Express Entry system, not all who create their Express Entry profiles are invited by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada [IRCC].

Applying for Canadian permanent residence through the Express Entry system is by invitation only.

Securing a nomination through Canada’s PNP is a way of ensuring that an Express Entry candidate is issued an Invitation to Apply [ITA] in the subsequent federal draw held by IRCC.

An Express Entry candidate that is successful in getting a PNP nomination – through any of the Express Entry-linked PNP streams – is automatically allotted 600 additional points based on the Comprehensive Ranking System [CRS].

It is the CRS score of an Express Entry candidate that determines if they are to be issued an invitation by IRCC. The highest-ranked candidates are issued ITAs in the Express Entry draws held by IRCC.

Hence, fetching 600 CRS points for an Express Entry candidate, a nomination through Canada PNP program is a guarantee of that individual being invited to apply for their Canada PR.

For 2022, the Canadian government has a target of welcoming 411,000 permanent residents. Of these, while 110,500 will be through the Express Entry system, another 81,500 will acquire their Canada PR visa through the PNP route.

The province of British Columbia in Canada, with its high demand for tech talent, is among the best provinces to immigrate in Canada for a tech worker. 

All PNP draws in 2023
Total no. of candidates: 38,321
Total draws: 86
Month Province No. of draws No. of candidates
May BC 5 854
Manitoba 2 1065
Ontario 5 6890
Quebec 1 802
Saskatchewan 2 2076
PEI 2 280
April Alberta 4 405
BC 4 678
Manitoba 3 1631
Ontario 5 1184
Quebec 1 1020
Saskatchewan 1 1067
PEI 1 189
March Alberta 1 134
BC 4 968
Manitoba 2 1163
New Brunswick 1 144
Ontario 6 3,906
PEI 3 303
Quebec 2 1636
Saskatchewan 2 550
February Ontario 4 3,183
Manitoba 2 891
Saskatchewan 1 421
British Columbia 4 909
PEI 1 228
Alberta 1 100
January Ontario 6 3,591
Manitoba 2 658
Saskatchewan 1 50
British Columbia 5 1,122
PEI 2 223
Total 86 38,321
All PNP draws in 2022
Total no. of candidates: 47,337
Total draws: 138
Date Province No. of draws No. of candidates
November 07, 2022 Nova Scotia 2 162
November 08, 2022 Saskatchewan 2 90
November 17, 2022 PEI 2 188
November 18, 2022 Manitoba 1 518
November 28, 2022 British Columbia 2 349
October 25, 2022 Ontario 1 642
October 20, 2022 PEI 1 204
October 12, 2022 British Columbia 2 618
September 27, 2022 British Columbia 4 1299
September 15, 2022 Manitoba 2 714
September 29, 2022 Ontario 6 5229
September 15, 2022 PEI 1 147
September 28, 2022 Saskatchewan 6 4159
August 30, 2022 British Columbia 5 1067
August 30, 2022 Ontario 2 810
August 26, 2022 Manitoba 2 698
August 25, 2022 Saskatchewan 3 2042
August 18, 2022 PEI 1 121
July 28, 2022 Saskatchewan 5 2923
July 28, 2022 Manitoba 2 721
July 27, 2022 Ontario 3 790
July 26, 2022 British Columbia 4 660
July 21, 2022 PEI 1 165
June 30, 2022 Manitoba 2 494
June 29, 2022 Ontario 4 2230
June 28, 2022 British Columbia 4 615
June 16, 2022 Alberta 1 150
June 16, 2022 PEI 1 136
May 31, 2022 British Columbia 5 853
May 20, 2022 PEI 1 153
May 19, 2022 Alberta 1 100
May 5, 2022 Saskatchewan 1 198
May 05, 2022 Manitoba 1 315
April 28, 2022 Ontario 2 1335
April 26, 2022 British Columbia 4 685
April 21, 2022 Manitoba 2 526
April 21, 2022 PEI 1 141
April 14, 2022 Alberta 1 250
March 30, 2022 Ontario 3 2409
March 29, 2022 British Columbia 5 935
March 23, 2022 Manitoba 2 311
March 22, 2022 Alberta 2 700
March 17, 2022 PEI 1 141
March 8, 2022 Saskatchewan 3 414
February 28, 2022 Ontario 9 3349
February 24, 2022 Manitoba 2 551
February 22, 2022 British Columbia 4 624
February 17, 2022 PEI 1 117
February 8, 2022 Nova Scotia 1 278
February 01, 2022 Alberta 1 400
January 27, 2022 Manitoba 2 443
January 27, 2022 Ontario 3 2618
January 25, 2022 British Columbia 4 714
January 20, 2022 PEI 1 132
January 18, 2022 Alberta 2 600
January 12, 2022 Saskatchewan 1 104
Total 138 47,337
The application process depends on the specific PNP stream applying to.

Each of the PT governments that are a part of the PNP have their own immigration pathways or ‘streams’. The eligibility and requirements differ from stream to stream.PNP Application Process

There are 2 ways for applying for Canadian permanent residence through the PNP. These are –

  • An electronic application or e-application process for ‘enhanced’ nominations [through streams linked with the federal Express Entry System of Canada]
  • Paper-based application process for base nominations

Generally, PNP Canada immigrationis a 2-step process, which involves securing a PNP nomination followed by applying to IRCC for permanent residence.

Some kind of a connection to the province – such as having studied or worked in the province – might be required to apply for a PR visa through the PNP. A job offer from an employer within that province will also make the candidate eligible.

General Basic Steps for Applying

STEP 1: Communicating an interest in settling within that province after being granted their permanent residence in Canada. Usually, this is to be done through the creation of an “Expression of Interest” or EOI profile with the specific PNP of the province concerned.

STEP 2: Receiving an invitation to apply in a provincial draw.

STEP 3: Submitting their PNP application for the stream invited under.

STEP 4: Securing a PNP nomination.

STEP 5: Applying for Canada PR following a PNP nomination

The PNP is the most recommended route for an Express Entry candidate with a low CRS score. With a 600-point boost got through a PNP nomination, the individual is assured of receiving an invitation from IRCC in the next Express Entry draw.

Provincial PNP streams linked with the federal Express Entry System 
PNP Program Province Pathway
AINP Alberta Alberta Express Entry Stream
BC PNP British Columbia Express Entry BC – Skilled Worker
Express Entry BC – Healthcare Professional
Express Entry BC – International Graduate
Express Entry BC – International Post-Graduate
MPNP Manitoba Skilled Workers Overseas – Manitoba Express Entry Pathway
NBPNP New Brunswick New Brunswick Express Entry Labour Market Stream
NL PNP Newfoundland and Labrador Express Entry Skilled Worker
NS NP Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry
Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry
OINP Ontario Skilled Trades Stream [Express Entry]
Human Capital Priorities Stream [Express Entry]
French-Speaking Skilled Worker stream [Express Entry]
PEI PNP Prince Edward Island Express Entry stream
SINP Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker: Saskatchewan Express Entry
NT NP Northwest Territories Employer-Driven: Express Entry
YNP Yukon Express Entry

Y-Axis Can Help You With
  • Qualification / Education Assessment
  • Customized Document Checklist and critical document templates
  • Guidance on key documentation requirements
  • Filing of an online application form to create a profile for Invitation
  • IELTS Guidance document



Can I settle in Quebec through the PNP?

No. Quebec is not a part of Canada PNP. To settle in Quebec, you will be required to apply to the provincial government of Quebec for a Quebec Selection Certificate or Certificat de sélection du Québec [CSQ]. 

What is the provincial nominee program Canada?

The PNP of Canada allows the participating provincial and territorial governments to nominate individuals to the federal government for Canadian permanent residence.  

How does being a provincial nominee help me?

Being nominated increases your chances of being granted Canada PR. 

Is Canada PR guaranteed for a provincial nominee?

While a nomination does increase the chances of the individual being granted their Canadian permanent residence, the specific requirements of the federal government —  at the time of applying to IRCC for Canada PR — must be met by the candidate.  

My profile is in the Express Entry system. Should I try for PNP or wait for an ITA from IRCC?

An Express Entry candidate that is able to secure a PNP nomination will automatically be allotted 600 CRS points, thereby guaranteeing an IRCC invitation in the next Express Entry draw to be held.  

As not all Express Entry profiles receive an invitation, PNP is the recommended way for ensuring an ITA from IRCC.

How many immigration pathways are available under the PNP?

Almost 80 PNP pathways are available, many linked with the federal Express Entry system of Canada.  

What is the difference between a ‘base’ nomination and an ‘enhanced’ nomination?

Based on the application process involved, there are 2 ways to apply to the PNP – [1] online application process for Express Entry-linked PNP streams, these are the so-called ‘enhanced’ nominations; and [2] paper-based application process for the other PNP streams, the ‘base’ nominations. 

Is it compulsory to reside within the nominating province/territory after being granted Canada PR?

As the PNP is a way for the provincial/territorial governments to bring in their chosen newcomers, anyone that is granted their permanent residence through the PNP will be required to live within that province/territory for a certain period of time.  

Generally, a new permanent resident in Canada – that is not a PNP nominee – might live somewhere in Canada other than the “city of destination” mentioned on their Confirmation of Permanent Residence [COPR]. 

Is the PNP only for skilled workers?

No. Each of the PNP streams specifically targets a certain class of immigrants. In a PNP stream, the provincial or territorial government concerned might target – students, skilled workers, semi-skilled workers, or business people.  

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