Canada PNP - Provincial Nominee Program | Y-Axis

Canada PNP

Canada is the most welcoming country for a migrant. A streamlined immigration process is one of the factors that make Canada immigration a viable option for an increasing number of individuals the world over.

Launched in 2015, the Express Entry System of Canada is today among the most sought-after immigration systems worldwide.

With a standard processing time of within 6 months for a majority of Canadian permanent residence applications submitted through the Express Entry, many have found their way into Canada via the Express Entry.

Today, India has the largest diaspora in the world. Many with their source country as India can be found distributed across various countries of destination.

As per the UN, Top 3 countries hosting the largest number of migrants from India are – the UAE [with 3.5 million], the US [with 2.7 million], and Saudi Arabia [with 2.5 million].

Canada comes close behind.

For a migrant, there are many immigration pathways available to choose from, all leading to Canada immigration, for the main applicant as well as their dependents.

While the Express Entry system of Canada might be better-known among the average migrant, there is another route to Canada PR via the provincial and territorial [PT] governments of Canada.

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program [PNP], or Canada PNP, offers almost 80 different immigration pathways or ‘streams’, each targeted at a specific class of immigrants.

Of the 10 provinces in Canada, 9 are a part of the PNP of Canada. Quebec, the only Canadian province not a part of provincial nominee program Canada, has its own immigration program for the induction of newcomers into the province.

Similarly, of the 3 Canadian territories, 2 – that is, Yukon and Northwest Territories – are a part of the PNP. Nunavut, the third territory in Canada, does not have any immigration program as such.

Canadian provinces/territories and their PNP programs
Province/Territory PNP program
Alberta Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program [AINP]
British Columbia BC Provincial Nominee Program [BC PNP]
Manitoba Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program [MPNP]
New Brunswick New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program [NB PNP]
Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program [NL PNP]
Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Nominee Program [NSNP]
Ontario Ontario Immigration Nominee Program [OINP]
Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program [PEI PNP]
Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program [SINP]
Northwest Territories Northwest Territories Nominee Program
Yukon Yukon Nominee Program

A Canadian permanent resident is an individual that had been given permanent resident status in Canada through their Canada immigration.

A Canada PR is a citizen of another country, and not to be confused with a Canadian citizen.

As a permanent resident of Canada, an individual can avail most of the social benefits – including healthcare coverage – that Canadian citizens receive.

Moreover, acquiring Canadian permanent residence allows an individual to live, work or study anywhere throughout Canada.

An individual can apply for the citizenship of Canada after having lived in Canada as a permanent resident for a minimum of 3 out of the previous 5 years [that is, 1,095 days altogether].

Now, while migrate overseas to Canada is a streamlined process with the major economic immigration programs managed through the federal Express Entry system, not all who create their Express Entry profiles are invited by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada [IRCC].

Applying for Canadian permanent residence through the Express Entry system is by invitation only.

Securing a nomination through Canada’s PNP is a way of ensuring that an Express Entry candidate is issued an Invitation to Apply [ITA] in the subsequent federal draw held by IRCC.

An Express Entry candidate that is successful in getting a PNP nomination – through any of the Express Entry-linked PNP streams – is automatically allotted 600 additional points based on the Comprehensive Ranking System [CRS].

It is the CRS score of an Express Entry candidate that determines if they are to be issued an invitation by IRCC. The highest-ranked candidates are issued ITAs in the Express Entry draws held by IRCC.

Hence, fetching 600 CRS points for an Express Entry candidate, a nomination through Canada PNP program is a guarantee of that individual being invited to apply for their Canada PR.

For 2022, the Canadian government has a target of welcoming 411,000 permanent residents. Of these, while 110,500 will be through the Express Entry system, another 81,500 will acquire their Canada PR visa through the PNP route.

 Number of PNP invitations issued in 2021, by provinces part of the PNP 
PNP Province/Territory  Jan 2021  Feb 2021  March 2021

 April 2021

 

 May 2021

 June 2021 July 2021 Aug 2021 Sep 2021 Oct 2021 Nov 2021 Dec 2021
Alberta 150 359 500 400 500 375 329 396 1,335 541 300 0
British Columbia 523 871 1,514 984 914 974 885 926 994 975 950 632
Manitoba 490 503 634 1,009 382 1,300 1,792 275 1,252 885 849 1,180
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 381 0 0 22 260 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia Not disclosed 43 Not disclosed 0 0 0 0 0 0 330 0 0
Ontario 484 1,469 880 528 479 2,509 2,907 875 1,758 2,602 0 1,186
Prince Edward Island 211 121 150 156 155 113 127 161 143 204 188 125
Saskatchewan 887 840 666 548 528 255 575 948 919 0 633 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

The province of British Columbia in Canada, with its high demand for tech talent, is among the best provinces to immigrate in Canada for a tech worker. 

Provincial Nominee Program – All PNP invitations in 2021  [as on December 31, 2021] 
Date of Draw Province  Invitations Issued 
December 30, 2021 Manitoba 393
December 21, 2021 British Columbia 243
December 16, 2021 Manitoba 349
December 16, 2021 Prince Edward Island 125
December 14, 2021 British Columbia 71
December 7, 2021 British Columbia 318
December 7, 2021 Ontario 1,186
December 2, 2021 Manitoba 438
November 30, 2021 British Columbia 89
November 24, 2021 Alberta 100
November 23, 2021 British Columbia 357
November 18, 2021 Manitoba 428
November 18, 2021 Prince Edward Island 188
November 18, 2021 Saskatchewan 633
November 16, 2021 British Columbia 87
November 9, 2021 Alberta 200
November 9, 2021 British Columbia 340
November 2, 2021 British Columbia 77
November 1, 2021 Manitoba 421
October 2021 Newfoundland and Labrador 260
October 27, 2021 Ontario 1,408
October 26, 2021 British Columbia 358
October 21, 2021 Manitoba 459
October 21, 2021 Prince Edward Island 204
October 20, 2021 Ontario 546
October 19, 2021 British Columbia 85
October 12, 2021 Alberta 293
October 12, 2021 British Columbia 424
October 7, 2021 Manitoba 426
October 7, 2021 Nova Scotia 330
October 7, 2021 Ontario 162
October 6, 2021 Ontario 486
October 5, 2021 British Columbia 108
September 2021 Newfoundland and Labrador 22
September 28, 2021 British Columbia 422
September 27, 2021 Saskatchewan 391
September 23, 2021 Manitoba 650
September 22, 2021 Ontario 72
September 21, 2021 Alberta 450
September 21, 2021 British Columbia 74
September 21, 2021 Ontario 995
September 16, 2021 Prince Edward Island 143
September 14, 2021 Alberta 385
September 14, 2021 British Columbia 464
September 14, 2021 Ontario 691
September 8, 2021 Saskatchewan 528
September 7, 2021 Alberta 500
September 7, 2021 British Columbia 34
September 2, 2021 Manitoba 602
August 31, 2021 British Columbia 488
August 30, 2021 Alberta 400
August 26, 2021 Ontario 20
August 25, 2021 Ontario 326
August 24, 2021 British Columbia 74
August 23, 2021 Alberta 450
August 19, 2021 Prince Edward Island 161
August 19, 2021 Saskatchewan 496
August 18, 2021 Ontario 479
August 17, 2021 British Columbia 427
August 12, 2021 Manitoba 275
August 11, 2021 Ontario 48
August 10, 2021 Alberta 396
August 10, 2021 British Columbia 51
August 6, 2021 Ontario 2
August 5, 2021 Saskatchewan 452
August 3, 2021 British Columbia 374
August 30, 2021 Alberta 400
August 23, 2021 Alberta 450
August 10, 2021 Alberta 396
July 27, 2021 British Columbia 59
July 27, 2021 Ontario 1,031
July 27, 2021 Manitoba 1,140
July 21, 2021 Ontario 115
July 21, 2021 Saskatchewan 280
July 20, 2021 British Columbia 383
July 15, 2021 Ontario 55
July 15, 2021 Prince Edward Island [PEI] 127
July 14, 2021 Alberta 181
July 13, 2021 British Columbia 56
July 13, 2021 Ontario 1,685
July 9, 2021 Manitoba 277
July 8, 2021 Saskatchewan 295
July 7, 2021 Ontario 21
July 6, 2021 British Columbia 387
June 2021 Newfoundland and Labrador 381
June 29, 2021 British Columbia 52
June 28, 2021 Manitoba 1,017
June 23, 2021 Ontario 583
June 22, 2021 Alberta 184
June 22, 2021 British Columbia 395
June 17, 2021 Manitoba 141
June 17, 2021 Prince Edward Island [PEI] 113
June 16, 2021 Ontario 940
June 15, 2021 British Columbia 86
June 15, 2021 Saskatchewan 255
June 8, 2021 British Columbia 373
June 7, 2021 Manitoba 142
June 5, 2021 Alberta 191
June 1, 2021 British Columbia 68
June 1, 2021 Ontario 986
May 27, 2021 Manitoba 404
May 26, 2021 Ontario 158
May 25, 2021 British Columbia 370
May 25, 2021 Manitoba 232
May 25, 2021 Saskatchewan 421
May 20, 2021 Prince Edward Island [PEI] 155
May 18, 2021 Alberta 250
May 18, 2021 British Columbia 82
May 18, 2021 Ontario 138
May 11, 2021 British Columbia 379
May 11, 2021 Ontario 81
May 5, 2021 Alberta 250
May 6, 2021 Manitoba 150
May 6, 2021 Saskatchewan 259
May 4, 2021 British Columbia 83
May 4, 2021 Ontario 102
April 20, 2021 Alberta 200
April 20, 2021 British Columbia 90
April 27, 2021 British Columbia 362
April 26, 2021 Manitoba 367
April 22, 2021 Saskatchewan 269
April 19, 2021 Manitoba 399
April 15, 2021 Prince Edward Island [PEI] 156
April 13, 2021 British Columbia 452
April 13, 2021 Ontario 528
April 8, 2021 Manitoba 243
April 8, 2021 Saskatchewan 279
April 6, 2021 Alberta 200
April 6, 2021 British Columbia 80
March 26, 2021 Alberta 300
March 30, 2021 British Columbia 330
March 30, 2021 British Columbia 44
March 29, 2021 Nova Scotia Not disclosed
March 25, 2021 Manitoba 335
March 24, 2021 Saskatchewan 418
March 23, 2021 British Columbia 95
March 18, 2021 Prince Edward Island [PEI] 150
March 11, 2021 Manitoba 299
March 11, 2021 Saskatchewan 248
March 16, 2021 British Columbia 506
March 9, 2021 British Columbia 95
March 3, 2021 Ontario 126
March 2, 2021 Alberta 200
March 2, 2021 British Columbia 444
March 2, 2021 Ontario 754
Feb. 26, 2021 Manitoba 207
Feb. 25, 2021 Saskatchewan 299
Feb. 24, 2021 Nova Scotia 43
Feb. 23, 2021 British Columbia 87
Feb. 18, 2021 Prince Edward Island [PEI] 121
Feb. 16, 2021 Alberta 159
Feb. 16, 2021 British Columbia 494
Feb. 16, 2021 Ontario 1,186
Feb. 12, 2021 Manitoba 296
Feb. 11, 2021 Saskatchewan 541
Feb. 10, 2021 Alberta 200
Feb. 9, 2021 British Columbia 74
Feb. 2, 2021 British Columbia 216
Feb. 2, 2021 Ontario 283
Jan. 28, 2021 Alberta 100
Jan. 28, 2021 Manitoba 218
Jan. 8, 2021 Alberta 50
Jan. 26, 2021 British Columbia 81
Jan. 21, 2021 Prince Edward Island [PEI] 211
Jan. 21, 2021 Saskatchewan 502
Jan. 19, 2021 British Columbia 195
Jan. 19, 2021 Nova Scotia Not disclosed
Jan. 14, 2021 Manitoba 272
Jan. 13, 2021 Ontario 338
Jan. 13, 2021 Ontario 146
Jan. 12, 2021 British Columbia 80
Jan. 7, 2021 Saskatchewan 385
Jan. 5, 2021 British Columbia 168

The application process depends on the specific PNP stream applying to.

Each of the PT governments that are a part of the PNP have their own immigration pathways or ‘streams’. The eligibility and requirements differ from stream to stream.PNP Application Process

There are 2 ways for applying for Canadian permanent residence through the PNP. These are –

  • An electronic application or e-application process for ‘enhanced’ nominations [through streams linked with the federal Express Entry System of Canada]
  • Paper-based application process for base nominations

Generally, PNP Canada immigrationis a 2-step process, which involves securing a PNP nomination followed by applying to IRCC for permanent residence.

Some kind of a connection to the province – such as having studied or worked in the province – might be required to apply for a PR visa through the PNP. A job offer from an employer within that province will also make the candidate eligible.

General Basic Steps for Applying

STEP 1: Communicating an interest in settling within that province after being granted their permanent residence in Canada. Usually, this is to be done through the creation of an “Expression of Interest” or EOI profile with the specific PNP of the province concerned.

STEP 2: Receiving an invitation to apply in a provincial draw.

STEP 3: Submitting their PNP application for the stream invited under.

STEP 4: Securing a PNP nomination.

STEP 5: Applying for Canada PR following a PNP nomination

The PNP is the most recommended route for an Express Entry candidate with a low CRS score. With a 600-point boost got through a PNP nomination, the individual is assured of receiving an invitation from IRCC in the next Express Entry draw.

Provincial PNP streams linked with the federal Express Entry System 
PNP Program Province Pathway
AINP Alberta Alberta Express Entry Stream
BC PNP British Columbia Express Entry BC – Skilled Worker
Express Entry BC – Healthcare Professional
Express Entry BC – International Graduate
Express Entry BC – International Post-Graduate
MPNP Manitoba Skilled Workers Overseas – Manitoba Express Entry Pathway
NBPNP New Brunswick New Brunswick Express Entry Labour Market Stream
NL PNP Newfoundland and Labrador Express Entry Skilled Worker
NS NP Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry
Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry
OINP Ontario Skilled Trades Stream [Express Entry]
Human Capital Priorities Stream [Express Entry]
French-Speaking Skilled Worker stream [Express Entry]
PEI PNP Prince Edward Island Express Entry stream
SINP Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker: Saskatchewan Express Entry
NT NP Northwest Territories Employer-Driven: Express Entry
YNP Yukon Express Entry

Y-Axis Can Help You With

  • Qualification / Education Assessment
  • Customized Document Checklist and critical document templates
  • Guidance on key documentation requirements
  • Filing of an online application form to create a profile for Invitation
  • IELTS Guidance document
FAQ
Can I settle in Quebec through the PNP?

No. Quebec is not a part of Canada PNP. To settle in Quebec, you will be required to apply to the provincial government of Quebec for a Quebec Selection Certificate or Certificat de sélection du Québec [CSQ]. 

What is the provincial nominee program Canada?

The PNP of Canada allows the participating provincial and territorial governments to nominate individuals to the federal government for Canadian permanent residence.  

How does being a provincial nominee help me?

Being nominated increases your chances of being granted Canada PR. 

Is Canada PR guaranteed for a provincial nominee?

While a nomination does increase the chances of the individual being granted their Canadian permanent residence, the specific requirements of the federal government —  at the time of applying to IRCC for Canada PR — must be met by the candidate.  

My profile is in the Express Entry system. Should I try for PNP or wait for an ITA from IRCC?

An Express Entry candidate that is able to secure a PNP nomination will automatically be allotted 600 CRS points, thereby guaranteeing an IRCC invitation in the next Express Entry draw to be held.  

As not all Express Entry profiles receive an invitation, PNP is the recommended way for ensuring an ITA from IRCC.

How many immigration pathways are available under the PNP?

Almost 80 PNP pathways are available, many linked with the federal Express Entry system of Canada.  

What is the difference between a ‘base’ nomination and an ‘enhanced’ nomination?

Based on the application process involved, there are 2 ways to apply to the PNP – [1] online application process for Express Entry-linked PNP streams, these are the so-called ‘enhanced’ nominations; and [2] paper-based application process for the other PNP streams, the ‘base’ nominations. 

Is it compulsory to reside within the nominating province/territory after being granted Canada PR?

As the PNP is a way for the provincial/territorial governments to bring in their chosen newcomers, anyone that is granted their permanent residence through the PNP will be required to live within that province/territory for a certain period of time.  

Generally, a new permanent resident in Canada – that is not a PNP nominee – might live somewhere in Canada other than the “city of destination” mentioned on their Confirmation of Permanent Residence [COPR]. 

Is the PNP only for skilled workers?

No. Each of the PNP streams specifically targets a certain class of immigrants. In a PNP stream, the provincial or territorial government concerned might target – students, skilled workers, semi-skilled workers, or business people.  

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