Abstract: Canada has announced that some work permits for foreign nationals will be exempted from the Labour Market Impact Assessment.
Highlights: In 2021, the Canadian Government dropped the Labour Market Impact Assessment for holders of specific work permits. The assessment reviews the type and number of foreign nationals required for the Canadian market.
Last year, some Canadian work permits for foreign nationals were exempted from LMIA. LMIA or Labour Market Impact Assessment is needed to apply for several Canadian work permits.
An employer needs to submit a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) application to the Canadian Government when hiring a foreign national. The Canadian government employee must review the application to determine that employment of the foreign national is justified.
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The purpose of the LMIA is to ensure that the inclusion of foreign workers will not negatively impact the native workers in Canada.
Canada has TFWP or Temporary Foreign Worker Program to support its workforce. It was brought into effect when no people in the country had the required qualifications to work.
LMIA assesses the impact the hiring would have on the Canadian labor market. The result could be positive, neutral, or negative. It must provide clarity that qualified Canadians were not overlooked in including a foreign worker. The foreign worker will be given the benefits and salaries that meet Canada’s provincial and federal standards.
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Here is a list of jobs that has been exempted from the purview of LMIA.
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Most of the international workers of Canada are categorized under IMP or International Mobility Program. In 2021, the IRCC or Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada issued over three lakhs work permits based on the IMP. The TFWP or Temporary Foreign Worker Program contributed close to one lakh work permits.
The significant distinction between the programs is that IMP does not require the LMIA report. Most of thesework permits are for the fields of substantial benefits and activities that contribute to the growth of the two countries, that is, Canada and the country of origin of the foreign worker.
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Here is a list of the number of permits issued for work by the provinces of Canada.
|Province||Total work permits under IMP|
|Prince Edward Island||2100|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||1815|
Among all the provinces, Ontario issued the highest work permits. The total work permit issued was 135,585.
Most foreign nationals who come to Canada to work need legal authorization by a work permit. The Open Work Permit allows foreign workers to legally work in Canada for any number of employers and in various locations.
There is an open work permit that is convenient for international student graduates. It is also helpful for the youth of specific countries. These countries must have reciprocal agreements with Canada. It also makes provision for the spouses of Canadian citizens and temporary residents.
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