Australia is one of the countries that has seen the highest population growth in the developed world. Most of this growth has been the urban population growth. The concentration of people in cities especially capital cities is the highest with these cities accounting for more than two-thirds of the total population of Australia.
The maximum population growth was witnessed in the Australian cities of Sydney, Melbourne and South-East Queensland that contributed to 75 per cent of Australia’s population growth in the last few years even though the population in some regional areas has also increased.
By 2029 the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) predicts that the country’s population will reach 29.5 million. Sydney’s population is expected to touch 6.4 million. Melbourne is expected to be Australia’s fastest growing city with a population 5.1 million to 6.3 million between 2019 to 2029. It is expected to replace Sydney as the most populated Australian city by 2037.
Where do Australia’s people come from?
The population of Australia comprises not only the native population but also people from different countries. People born in Australia make up 71 per cent of the population. Of people from overseas countries who are Australian citizens, Asians outnumber Europeans. Despite this fact Australians who were born in UK and Ireland are the largest group of overseas population at 5.1%. This is followed by China at 2.6 per cent, India at 2.4 per cent, New Zealand at 2.3 per cent, Philippines at 1.1 per cent and Vietnam at 1 per cent.
Among the top ten migrant countries recent migrants from Indonesia, South Korea, Iraq and Thailand have taken over migrants from Croatia, Poland, Serbia and Malta.
Different nationalities in different parts
Perth is dominated by migrants from the UK who contribute to 12 per cent of the population while they make up 4 per cent in Melbourne and Sydney. People born in India contribute to 2 per cent of the population making up around 4 per cent of Melbourne’s population and 2 to 3 per cent in other cities. People of Chinese origin contribute to 5 per cent of the population in Sydney and 4 per cent in Melbourne and 3 per cent in Canberra and 1 to 2 percent in other cities.
The population growth and the diverse nature of Australia’s population are important factors in its economic development.