Overseas immigration can be defined as the global mobility of individuals to a nation of which they are neither natives nor are naturalized citizens. They do not possess the right to reside or settle there in the capacity as permanent residents or naturalized citizens. The chief reason for this global mobility of individuals is to work as an immigrant worker or provisionally as an overseas national.
Economic overseas immigration refers to a phenomenon wherein people move from one nation to another for making a career and betterment of lifestyle and access to wealth.
Overseas immigration of individuals is also motivated by but not limited to factors such as scarcity of access to resources, desire for flourishing financially, to make a career and improve the lifestyle. Conflict or natural disaster, escape from prejudice, family reunification, climate or environmentally induced immigration, retirement, exile or mere the desire to transform the standard of living are also the driving factors of overseas immigration.
Diverse researchers across the globe have indicated that overseas immigration is a mutually benefitting phenomenon to both the sending and receiving nations. The research studies have found that immigration, on the whole, has had a positive impact on the economy of nations that received immigrants. However, there are divergent views on the adverse impact of immigration of low skilled workers on the less-skilled natives.
International surveys have revealed that removal of hindrances to immigration would have a lasting effect on the GDP of the World with the gains estimated between 147% and 67%. It has been argued by the Development economists that eliminating barriers to the global movement of people between developing and developed nations could prove to be the most effective measure of reducing global poverty.
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