Federal draws under the Express Entry system are held by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
Launched in 2015, Express Entry is an application process for skilled immigrants that intend to settle in Canada as permanent residents and be a part of the Canadian labour market.
|Applying for Canada PR through IRCC Express Entry is by invitation-only.|
Those issued invitations to apply, in the federal draws held from time to time, must submit their application for permanent residence within the next 60 days.
An online system, Canada’s Express Entry is used by IRCC for managing applications for permanent residence from skilled workers.
Three of the main economic immigration programs of Canada are managed through the Express Entry system.
|Express Entry programs |
 Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
 Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
 Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
A PNP nomination is worth 600 ranking points for an Express Entry candidate. The ranking in the Express Entry pool of candidates is determined as per the 1,200-point Comprehensive Ranking System.
Basic Step-wise Process
STEP 1: Eligibility
The first step for creating an Express Entry profile is that of establishing eligibility for the same.
Each of the programs have their own specific requirements.
To be eligible for the FSWP, 67 points will have to be scored by the candidate as per the Skilled Immigration Points Calculator.
A candidate might be eligible for more than one programs. In such situations, the candidate will be invited to apply for one program based on the order – CEC, FSWP, then FSTP. For example, if a candidate meets the criteria for all three programs, they will be invited through the CEC.
If eligible for more than one programs, the candidate cannot select the program that they will be invited under. The Express Entry system sorts profiles and issues invitations on the basis of the information entered by them.
STEP 2: Documentation
If found to be eligible, the next step is that of getting the documentation together.
Do keep in mind that certain specific documents will be required at the different stages of the application process.
There is no requirement for uploading documents at the time of the submission of an Express Entry profile. However, information might have to be provided from certain documents, such as passport, proof of funds, job offer in Canada, language test results etc.
STEP 3: Profile
The Express Entry profile of the candidate is wherein a Canada immigration hopeful gives IRCC information regarding themselves.
If eligible, the candidate will be accepted into the Express Entry pool of candidates.
Profiles in the pool are ranked as per their individual CRS scores. The higher the CRS score of a candidate, the brighter the chances of their being issued an invitation to apply by IRCC.
STEP 4: Receiving ITA
An Express Entry candidate can submit their application for Canadian permanent residence when specifically invited by IRCC to do so. Invitations to apply are sent out as per the federal draws held.
STEP 5: Applying for Canada PR
If invited, a candidate will have 60 days for submitting their complete application to IRCC.
|IRCC Express Entry has a standard processing time of within 6 months, provided the submitted applications are complete.|
A complete application is that which has –  no information missing, and  requires no further documentation.
For 2022, Canada has a target of welcoming 411,000 newcomers. Of these, 110,500 will be through IRCC Express Entry.
The Express Entry inductions target for 2021 was at 108,500. So far this year, 111,265 ITAs have been issued. The latest federal draw was held on October 27, 2021.
Two IRCC draws were held in October 2021. Both of the draws targeted provincial nominees, that is, Express Entry candidates with a nomination under Canadian PNP.
|In 2020||In 2021|
|Invitations issued by date [October 27]||82,850||111,265|
As a PNP nomination is worth 600 CRS points in itself, IRCC draws that target PNP nominees have a minimum score requirement comparatively on the higher side.
As per the CRS score distribution of profiles in the Express Entry pool (as of October 25, 2021), there were 812 candidates with their ranking score in the range CRS 601-1,200. The total number of profiles in the Express Entry pool, on the other hand, was 185,774.
Express Entry Draws held in October 2021 – 2
Total ITAs issued by IRCC in October 2021 – 1,569
|Sl. No.||Draw No.||Date of Draw||Immigration Program||Invitations issued|
|CRS points cut-off|
|1||#208||October 27, 2021||PNP||888||CRS 744|
|2||#207||October 13, 2021||PNP||681||CRS 720|
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