The Australian Government releases a Skilled Occupancy List (SOL). The Department of Home Affairs (DHA) regularly updates this, based on the demand status for various occupations.
The SOL is further divided into three categories- Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL) and Regional Occupation List (ROL).
Nevertheless, the number of expressions of interest (EOI) or invitations that may be issued for individual occupations has a limit. The cap is known as the occupation ceiling. The occupation ceiling gives a fair idea of the top skill-shortage sectors in the country because the higher the number of the ceiling, there is more demand for the occupation.
Based on the occupation ceiling, on the occupation groups for the 2019-20 program year, the occupations in demand in Australia in 2020 can be said to be the following –
|Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) Code||Description||Occupational Ceiling 2019-20|
|2613||Software and Applications Programmers||8,748|
|3312||Carpenters and Joiners||8,536|
|2414||Secondary School Teachers||8,052|
|3232||Metal Fitters and Machinists||7,007|
|4523||Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials||4,071|
|3223||Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers||3,983|
|2332||Civil Engineering Professionals||3,772|
|2531||General Practitioners and Resident Medical officers||3,550|
|2421||University Lecturers and Tutors||3,407|
|3322||Painting Trades Workers||3,330|
|1399||Other Specialist Managers||3,044|
|2621||Database and Systems Administrators and ICT Security Specialists||2,887|
|2611||ICT Business and Systems Analysts||2,587|
|2631||Computer Network Professionals||2,553|
|2411||Early Childhood (Pre-primary School) Teachers||2,294|
|2321||Architects and Landscape Architects||2,171|
|3421||Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics||1,851|
|1342||Health and Welfare Services Managers||1,785|
|3334||Wall and Floor Tilers||1,682|
|3311||Bricklayers and Stonemasons||1,610|
|2335||Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers||1,600|
|2212||Auditors, Company Secretaries and Corporate Treasurers||1,552|
|2346||Medical Laboratory Scientists||1,505|
|3423||Electronics Trades Workers||1,313|
|2539||Other Medical Practitioners||1,250|
|2512||Medical Imaging Professionals||1,203|
|2415||Special Education Teachers||1,111|
|2121||Artistic Directors, and Media Producers and Presenters||1,098|
|3611||Animal Attendants and Trainers||1,051|
|1341||Child Care Centre Managers||1,000|
|2111||Actors, Dancers and Other Entertainers||1,000|
|2241||Actuaries, Mathematicians and Statisticians||1,000|
|2245||Land Economists and Valuers||1,000|
|2322||Cartographers and Surveyors||1,000|
|2331||Chemical and Materials Engineers||1,000|
|2339||Other Engineering Professionals||1,000|
|2341||Agricultural and Forestry Scientists||1,000|
|2342||Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists||1,000|
|2344||Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists||1,000|
|2349||Other Natural and Physical Science Professionals||1,000|
|2514||Optometrists and Orthoptists||1,000|
|2519||Other Health Diagnostic and Promotion Professionals||1,000|
|2521||Chiropractors and Osteopaths||1,000|
|2527||Speech Professionals and Audiologists||1,000|
|2533||Internal Medicine Specialists||1,000|
|2612||Multimedia Specialists and Web Developers||1,000|
|2633||Telecommunications Engineering Professionals||1,000|
|3122||Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians||1,000|
|3123||Electrical Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians||1,000|
|3132||Telecommunications Technical Specialists||1,000|
|3222||Sheetmetal Trades Workers||1,000|
|3233||Precision Metal Trades Workers||1,000|
|3422||Electrical Distribution Trades Workers||1,000|
|3991||Boat Builders and Shipwrights||1,000|
Here are more details of ten top professions in demand:
Recently, the healthcare sector has experienced the highest rise and improvement in five years, and this is projected to continue until 2022. Registered nurses, elderly and aged assistants, personal care staff, receptionists and nursing help are the professions that are most in-demand in this sector.
There is currently a growing and vital need for software developers with various skills within the tech industry, such as those trained in user interface, web and back-end design, front end and full-stack developers.
The construction industry has a demand particularly for technicians and commercial workers such as electricians, carpenters, joiners and plumbers. There is also a demand for non-skilled labor.
There is a demand for teachers especially in secondary schools in more regional parts of the country.
Numerous white-collar management and technical positions are increasingly in demand. Including the likes of the marketing, advertisement and accounting professionals.
Motor mechanics are in demand in Australia and specialist areas including automotive electrician, automatic transmission mechanic, automotive air-conditioning mechanics have good chances.
Skilled trades such as metal machinists, sheet metal workers, welders, fitters and metal fabricators are in demand.
Australia has a market for temporary farmworkers to assist with routine tasks like crop picking, as well as many incentives for more highly qualified farmworkers.
In mining, there will also be high demand for geologists, mining engineers, drill and blast operators, boilermakers, and dump truck operators.
There is a huge demand for skilled and qualified engineers including mechanical, industrial, electronics, transport and electrical engineers.