India has flagged violations of WTO and trade pacts by nations that are refusing Work visas to its nationals after the concerns raised by the study of the NASSCOM. The study has highlighted the fact the commitment given by these nations to India and the Work visas that they are offering does not match at all.
The report of NASSCOM has come even as India is asking for a lasting pact for trade facilitation in services. India is also increasing its efforts for securing a liberal work visas regime with ASEAN and other nations such as Australia, New Zealand, and China. This is being planned under the agreement for the comprehensive regional economic partnership that will result in one of the largest free trade areas globally.
The absence of any clear figures on the number of work visas in the agreement makes it easier for these nations to dishonor their commitments. NASSCOM has said that the US is the only nation that makes a partial mention of the visa category. The US has mentioned H1s under the agreement of the WTO on trade in services GATS, as quoted by the Times of India. But it does not offer anything for IT and Communications category.
Some of the rules are even tweaked by the nations. For instance, it was notified by Indonesia to offer one visa for recruitment of 10 local workers. Other issues relate to the validity of the visas and the processing times that can be delayed and are often subject to quotas.
There is lesser clarity on the definitions of the terms of the contracts. This includes inter-corporate transfers, independent professionals, and contractual service providers. It results in lack of confidence amongst the firms.
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