EU supervision of UK borders after Brexit is not ruled out said Theresa May the UK Prime Minister giving signals that EU might retain control over customs at UK borders. This is a part of the attempts by the UK to maintain unrestricted EU markets access after Brexit.
UK had published last week a policy document that proposed two options for arrangements for customs for the EU and the UK after 2019. The first option was an extremely rationalized arrangement for customs at the border with shipments being tracked electronically. It was an alternative for physical examination of documents and shipments at borders, as quoted by the Indian Express.
The second option was to have a fresh partnership for customs with the EU. This would completely eliminate the need for customs border for the EU-UK. It proposes that UK would function as if it were a part of the EU under EU supervision only for purposes of customs.
UK goods would not have any export tariffs. UK would impose EU tariffs for goods arriving at the UK for onward movement to the EU or as components for export goods in the UK. The system of the EU that permits goods movement throughout EU minus checks is based on the close monitoring of shipments arriving at the EU by members. This ensures that accurate tariffs are paid and EU standards are satisfied.
EU supervision is present in the form of OLAF its agency to counter fraud. It supervises customs across the EU to make sure that imports are accurately monitored. If it finds that EU member is not levying correct duties from outside the EU it recommends that offending member must be fined by the European Commission.
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