Special Education Teachers

Job Description

Special education teachers teach primary, middle or intermediate, and secondary school students who have learning difficulties, hearing impairment and sight impairment, and promote students’ social, emotional, intellectual and physical development.

Employment for special education teachers has grown at a rate of 39.1% over the past five years and is expected to grow strongly over the next five years. Special education teachers are employed in both private and public primary, middle and secondary schools. Teaching is a 40-hour a week job as lesson plans need to be prepared, papers must be graded, and tests need to be prepared.


Assess students’ abilities and limitations with regard to intellectual, physical, social and emotional disabilities, exceptional intellectual gifts, or specific problems of language and culture.

Plan, organize and implement special programs to provide remedial or advanced tuition.

Administer various forms of assessment and interpret the results.

Teach basic academic subjects, practicals and self-help skills to hearing and sight impaired students.

Devise instructional materials, methods and aids to assist in training and rehabilitation.

Advise, instruct and counsel parents and teachers on the availability and the use of special techniques.

Stimulate and develop interests, abilities, manual skills and coordination.

Confer with other staff members to plan and schedule lessons for special needs of students.

Prepare and maintain students’ data and other records and submit reports.

Job Titles

Special Needs Teacher

Teacher of the hearing impaired

Teacher of the sight impaired

Skills required

Awareness of others and the ability to understand their actions

Critical thinking

Effective communication skills


Excellent attention to detail

Eligibility Criteria

Bachelor’s degree or higher qualification.

At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for a formal qualification.

In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.