Petroleum engineers design and oversee the production and methods for retrieving oil and natural gas from various depths beneath the earth’s surface. Most petroleum engineers work for oil companies. Others work at universities or research facilities.
Some of these engineers also do field work and help prospecting teams to make recommendations on drilling sites based on the cost, effort and feasibility of retrieving the product from where it is discovered. When a site is selected, these engineers will test the drilling samples and decide what is the safest method for retrieving the oil or gas? In some cases, oil will be under pressure and will rise to the surface without any kind of help from the engineer. In other cases, the oil will have to be pumped to the surface.
Another task of petroleum engineers is to design the drilling, pumping, prospecting, and storage equipment that will help to do the job. These people often work in research and development facilities or colleges, universities and trade schools.
Other petroleum engineers work at drilling sites. These engineers oversee the building and operation of subterranean drills, oil derricks, and other necessary equipment. Once the well is established, they will look for methods that will improve oil and gas production. If necessary, they will design or modify tools or offer technical advice that will help achieve satisfactory economic progress. Engineers in this aspect of their field will usually spend a lot of time working outdoors. They might even work at sea on drilling platforms or specialized drilling ships. Petroleum engineers design, maintain and build oil pipelines. They may also be employed by oil storage facilities.
Oversee drilling and offer technical advice to achieve economic and satisfactory progress.
Devise methods to improve oil and gas well production and determine the need for new or modified tool designs.
Bachelor degree or higher qualification.
In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.