Intensive Care Specialist
Intensive care specialists provide life support or organ support systems to patients who are critically ill and require intensive monitoring. Patients who require intensive care are usually those who have hypertension/hypotension instability, airway or respiratory difficulties, acute renal failure, cardiac arrhythmias or multiple organs failure. Some patients enter the intensive care for monitoring after major surgery.
Intensive care specialists have a high-pressured job. Most specialists work regular hours; however, there is an on-call component and as such night and weekend work is expected. Intensive care specialists usually work in hospitals and are often assisted by a staff of doctors, nurses and other personnel.
Intensive Care Medicine Specialist
Internal Medical Specialist
Knowledge regarding pharmacology, physiology (cellular, respiratory, acid based, liver, fetal and neonate), cardiovascular system, renal system, body fluids and electrolytes, nervous system, musculoskeletal system, hematological system, nutrition and metabolism, thermoregulation, immunology and host defense, endocrine system, obstetrics and gastrointestinal system.
Knowledge in echocardiography, intracranial monitoring, endoscopy, biopsies and extracorporeal support techniques.
To evaluate, resuscitate and manage critically ill patients, including those with vital organ and system failures.
To use organ support and replacement systems.
Expertise in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, airway management, invasive monitoring, renal therapy and mechanical ventilation.
To anticipate, assess and define problems in the critically ill and then diagnose and implement a management plan – all within a short timeframe.
To communicate effectively and establish and foster relationships with internal and external clients.
To manage the process of end-of-life care.
To manage the process of organ donation.
Compassion, self-motivation and the ability to work under pressure for long hours.
Must obtain a six year medical degree and then further undertake training.